What are Terpenes?

By Rolling Up

Oftentimes, when we speak to our friends and family they ask us about the quality of what they’re getting from a dispensary or shop. To put it plain and simple, terpenes are oils produced by plants. Terpenes might be a part of the conversation in the cannabis community, but in fact, there are 20,000 unique terpenes and 100 of them are found in cannabis. 

Terpenes are highly aromatic compounds and manufacturers have found ways to isolate them to turn them into scents for perfumes, body products, and foods. On an ingredient label of food, you’ll usually see it listed as “natural flavors,” and they’re most likely referring to terpenes. 

In cannabis, terpenes were first used to repel predators and insects from the cannabis plants. You’ve probably noticed the little hairs that cover the cannabis plant, giving its crystal like sheen and sticky feel. They’re called trichomes, and they’re responsible for producing terpenes in cannabis. Terpenes are used to differentiate the strains. Some terpenes might promote relaxation, while other terpenes promote focus.

Oftentimes, you’ll hear the terms terpenes and tepenoids used interchangeably, they are completely different. Terpenes are hydrocarbons - compounds made of hydrogen and carbon. After cannabis is harvested, dried, and cured terpene atoms are oxidized then become terpenoids. 

Here are a few examples of what you can find in cannabis and the strains associated with the terpenes:

Terpenes have been used throughout history as a healing art. They are used to affect our physiology and state of mind. Whether you smoke cannabis flower, dab concentrates, or vaporize either, these concentrates are hard at work delivering its flavors to our palate.

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